Development of Ecocars and Its Advantages

There is growing interest in developing hybrid electric-internal combustion eco-cars, or supercars, getting 64-128+ kilometers per liter, that is around 150-300+miles per gallon. They get most of their power from a small hybrid electric/fuel engine that makes its own electricity and uses a small battery or flywheel to provide the extra energy needed for acceleration and hill climbing.

The small gasoline engine keeps the batteries charged, thus reducing the number of batteries needed and greatly increasing the range. If needed, the electric engine could also operate emission-free in urban areas. Canada's HydroQuebec has developed a hybrid car system that places small electric motors in all four of a car's wheels.

In 1997 Toyota developed a hybrid electric/gasoline vehicle that is twice as fuel efficient as an equivalent gasoline-powered car, while significantly reducing air pollution emissions. This car, called Prius, is on the market in Japan and gets 28 miles per liter. 1n 1999, Honda began selling a fuel efficient, hybrid-engine car.

A major limitation of gaseous fuels such as natural gas and hydrogen is that they require fairly heavy and bulky fuel tanks, which reduce efficiency and range. However, a hybrid car might be able to overcome this problem by going 700 kilometers on just 5.6-11 liters of gas.

Such supercars will be lighter and safer than conventional cars because their bodies and many other parts will be made of light weight composite materials that absorb much more crash energy per unit of weight than the steel in today's car.

Today most race bar bodies are made of carbon fiber plastics, which is why race car drivers can usually walk away after hitting a wall at 320 kilometers. Car bodies and other parts made from composite materials don't rust and can be recycled. They also don't need to be painted because the desired color can be added to the molds that shape the composite materials.

Manufactured mostly by an fundamentally different process, an ecocar's composite body would take twice as many worker hours to make as its steel-bodied ancestors, yet cost a little less to make because costs. Thus, switching to such ecocars would create more jobs. Switching to hybrid ecocars with composite bodies and far fewer parts would also sharply reduce this use of minerals and the resulting pollution and environmental degradation. In 1998 Chrysler was close to perfecting a plastic car body using a cheap, common beverage-bottle plastic called PET that could have the price of a car and be on the market not later 2011.

Amory Lovins and other researcher project that with proper financial incentives, such low-polluting, ultralight, ultrasafe, ultra efficient hybrid electric/internal combustion engine cars could be on the market within a decade. With incentives such as tax creditors or energy rebates, such cars could replace much of the existing car fleet within 10-12 years.


Hydrogen On Demand: Get the Most Out Of Your Vehicle!

Hydrogen on demand is a safe and practically limitless energy source. Hydrogen in the lightest element on earth; it can be found in a wide variety of materials such as living organisms and water. Hydrogen on demand is extracted from these substances by using a hydrogen gas generator, which is included in all HHO kits. This hydrogen is not meant to be used alone; instead it works with gasoline to increase your car's fuel economy. Using hydrogen on demand will also help your vehicle run cooler and create less carbon deposits in the engine. The HHO gas produced by the hydrogen generator, sometimes known as brown gas, is the key to your car in producing fewer emissions.

Any Alternative In Our Future?

Lately, all everyone is talking about is the importance of replacing gasoline as the country's primary fuel. While it would be great to decrease our dependence on foreign oil and find a cleaner burning fuel, the truth is that we are actually light years away from having a viable alternative. The question then becomes what can we do now to make our vehicles run their best while sparing the earth from their harmful emissions? The answer - hydrogen on demand. By using HHO kits, we can make our cars burn cleaner and increase their miles per gallon while still using the same fuel.

There are many HHO kits designed to be used with for your vehicle. Some are affordable while others are not so much. Do not think of HHO fuel kits as an expensive investment that is not worth the money. They are made to last! The HHO Kit comes with a solution tank, about every six to eight hundred miles you will have to add about a cup of solution to it. The only maintenance required is that you drain it every six months to optimize its performance, similar to an oil change. The hydrogen gas generator cell plates are made out of heavy-duty stainless steel so you will get years of use out of them.

Minimal Maintenance!

There is no need for paying huge mechanic bills to modify your engine. HHO fuel kits are easy enough to install that you can do it yourself in an afternoon. With minimal maintenance and no regular expenses, using HHO kits and hydrogen on demand is the best way to get your vehicle running at its full potential.



Embracing Green Technology: Hybrid Vehicles To Save On Oil And Fuel

Why Should You Buy A Hybrid Vehicle?
The automobile industry has been under fire recently, due to a "series of unfortunate events" that have marred the industry's growth and development. Since 2007, the signs of a weakening global economy has pushed oil prices through the roof, as well as the pockets of consumers. The ongoing conflict in the middle east has also put a long-term stress on the already diminished capacity of various oil-producing countries to supply the demand of millions of car owners and fuel-dependent industries. Add to that, the recent natural disasters that hit one of the world's prime automakers, Japan, has brought a tremendous amount of pressure on the auto-industry to rethink its initiatives.
The issues above present a clearer picture for every consumer, on why it is very important to invest on fuel efficient hybrid vehicles. Here are two more reasons below why a hybrid vehicle should be on top of your list when choosing a family or a personal car to purchase this year.
The Green Movement - One of the many reasons, why people prefer hybrid vehicles, is that consumers nowadays are more sensitive and knowledgeable about the ill-effects of greenhouse gasses on the environment. The rapidly depleting ozone layer, the quickly melting polar ice caps and the breaking of Arctic shelves, as well as the various weather changes that have affected so many people across the globe, have all encouraged consumers to be more caring for the environment, and less concerned about how a vehicle may look or even cost, as long as it is environment-friendly.
Various government policies have also been very supportive of the green movement, encouraging industries to cut down on carbon emissions and help consumers find alternative means other than using products that could contribute to the pollution of the environment. Many government agencies are frequently required to check vehicles if they are running within the state's policies with regards to smoke belching, oil usage and fuel efficiency ratings.
Low Fuel Consumption - Hybrid vehicles were primarily developed to answer the growing demand of consumers for more efficient fuel consumption from their vehicles. Cars like the Toyota Prius offers a highly effective fuel system that allows the vehicle to save on fuel over long distances. With these innovations, consumers can save thousands of dollars every year on refueling alone.
On another note, drivers running hybrid vehicles are also provided with various tax benefits as well as discounts for bulk purchases and upgrades. For those driving electric cars, there's are also several free maintenance and charging offered.
So what are you waiting for? Invest in a hybrid vehicle today!
Running hybrid vehicles will not only help lessen pollution, it can also help save the environment and decrease your fuel and oil expenses. For your cars or hybrid vehicles make sure to only use high quality car engine oil like TurvoOil. Discover the Best Engine Oil in Singapore today, visit www.TurvoOil.com.sg

What Are Hybrid Car Benefits for the Consumer?

While hybrid cars continue to be more expensive than conventional gas-powered cars, there are still many other benefits that more than compensates for the premium that you have to pay.
1. One of the main hybrid car benefits is, of course, that hybrids reduce the amount of toxic emissions produced by the internal combustion engine. In general, it produce 80% less greenhouse gases and other pollutants from their tailpipes compared to their gas-powered counterparts. This translates to a cleaner and more environmentally-friendly car. And future hybrid car models promise to reduce emissions even more, with the eventual aim of producing zero emission vehicles.
2. Another of the much-touted benefits is their fuel economy. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)'s 2010 list of the most fuel-efficient cars in the US, nine of the ten most fuel-efficient cars were hybrids with the Toyota Prius landing at number one, with a fuel efficiency of 51 mpg in the city and 48 mpg in the highway.
3. As a corollary to the fuel economy hybrid car benefits, you can save money on your gas bills since you have to refill your tank less often. This is an important consideration since many analysts believe that the era of cheap oil is over and pump prices have no place to go but up in the long-term.
4. If you are an early adapter of plug-in hybrid technology, you can enjoy incentives as one of your benefits. Although incentives for conventional hybrids have already lapsed and are not likely to be revived, the Obama administration is offering tax credits of up to $7,500 for private buyers of plug-in hybrids plus $2,000 for the installation of charging equipment. Many states are also offering tax credits, such as California which is providing tax credits of up to $5,000 towards the purchase of plug-ins under it s program to encourage the adoption of zero-emission vehicles.
5. Cheaper operating costs are also one of the major benefits of hybrid cars. According to the US Department of Energy, conventional hybrid cars cost $0.05 to $0.07 per mile to run against comparable gas-powered vehicles that cost $0.10 to $0.15 per mile. For plug-ins, the savings are even higher, with operating costs of just $0.02 to $0.04 per mile based on average US electricity costs. But even when the plug-in hybrid is running on electricity, the user can still enjoy substantial cost savings, since they have operating costs similar to those of conventional hybrids.
Are you looking for more information regarding benefits of hybrid cars? Visit www.hybridcarsinfo.org today!

How Do the Mass Market EVs and Hybrids Compare?

As manufacturers and consumers gear towards a more sustainable motoring future, electric and hybrid cars are destined to be more commonplace on our roads. Where once EVs were 'concept' cars or the privilege of a select few more manufacturers are releasing mass produced EVs for the general market, so how do they all compare?
Mitsubishi iMiev
Mitsubishi's 100% electric iMiev was launched in Japan in July 2009, with a Mitsubishi dealer primarily selling to fleet customers. The 'Mitsubishi Innovative Electric Vehicle' touched down on UK shores in January and is being hailed as the UK's first mass-produced pure electric car. The eco-friendly city car is powered by a 16 kWh lithium-ion battery and emits no CO2 when on the move. EVs have been criticised in the past for being slow but the Mitsubishi iMiev is quicker than its petrol equivalent- the 'i' minicar- and is capable of reaching 60mph from standstill in around 13 seconds and a top speed of 80mph. It's a 100% city car and is not particularly suited to motorway driving, despite Mitsubishi claiming it can do 100 miles on a single charge. The new Mitsubishi iMiev is pretty pricy at £33,699 (less the £5000 government plug-in grant) but Mitsubishi are hoping the low running costs- a third of that of a comparable petrol motor- will help persuade potential buyers.
Nissan LEAF
The Nissan LEAF has been described as the world's first affordable zero emission car and before it was even released in the UK the LEAF was awarded the prestigious 2011 European Car of the Year award, so it has a lot to live up to! Like the iMiev the LEAF has a range of 100 miles before charging is necessary but unlike the iMiev it's less of a dent to the pocket. Priced from £30,900, or £25,990 with the government grant, the LEAF is certainly a more viable option for families looking to reduce their carbon footprint. Nissan estimates the LEAF costs around £2 to £3 for a full charge- which is less than three pence per mile, and with a quick charging facility available the LEAF can be charged up to 80% in just 30 minutes. Although a full charge will take up to 8 hours.
Toyota Prius
The Toyota Prius was the first mass produced hybrid car, and is one of the most popular cars in Japan, where Toyota originated. It went on sale worldwide in 2001 and became an instant hit, garnering plenty of celebrity endorsement. Toyota is testing a Prius plug in hybrid, currently only as fleet models in Japan. In the PHV the current nickel-metal hydride battery will be replaced by a more powerful lithium-ion battery so the Prius will be capable of 12.5 miles on just electric- significantly less than the Ampera's 40 plus. CO2 emissions are expected to be just 41g/km and compared to a conventional car will reduce fuel consumption by more than 80% (so you'd expect from a hybrid!). Buyers will be able to plug in and charge the Prius PHV from home on a standard 110/120-volt household outlet in just a couple of hours, compared to 240 volts and 8 hours for the 100% electric LEAF.
Vauxhall Ampera
The Vauxhall Ampera is an Extended-Range Electric Vehicle (E-REV), not a hybrid as Vauxhall are clear to point out. Unlike tradtional hybrids- that use a battery and an engine for the majority of the power- the Ampera is run entirely on electricity. A battery powered 148bhp electric motor and a 16kWh lithium-ion battery drive the Ampera, and only when necessary does the 74bhp 1.4-litre four-cylinder petrol engine kick in to charge up the motor.
Most hybrids will very few miles solely on electric power but the Ampera is capable of up to 50 miles, ideal for most day to day journeys. When more miles are required the Ampera is capable of more than 300 miles thanks to the generator powered motor. Because of the extra oomph provided by the motor the Ampera can achieve a 0 to 62mph speed of nine seconds, 4 seconds faster than the iMiev. It'll be the UKs first extended-range electric vehicle when it arrives early 2012, and it's expected to cost less £28,995 when the plug in grant is included.
Amy Sawyer is an online marketing executive currently researching Mitsubishi dealer

What Are a Hybrid Car Environment Benefits?

There are many positive effects of using a hybrid car on the environment, and this is one of the main reasons why many people have chosen to buy a hybrid over a conventional gas-powered automobile. Here are some of the ways that buying a hybrid can help save the environment:
1. A hybrid car burns less gasoline and thus, emits fewer toxic emissions. Although the amount of the reduction varies depending on the car model as well as the user's driving style, in general it is estimated that hybrids can reduce emissions by as much as 90% (under ideal conditions) compared with regular cars. And the adoption of future hybrid technology such as plug-in hybrids, diesel hybrids and fuel cell-powered hybrids are expected to lower emissions even further and bring hybrids closer to the eventual goal of zero-emission automobiles.
2. It also emits less greenhouse gases. Studies have shown that hybrid cars emit substantially less carbon dioxide, one of the main greenhouse gases, compared with conventional automobiles. And the recent emergence of clean diesel technology promises to reduce emissions even further as car manufacturers work to bring diesel-powered hybrids to the market that also promise even greater fuel efficiency as well as more powerful hybrid cars.
3. Less noise pollution is one of the least discussed hybrid car environment benefits. In general produce less noise than conventional automobiles, particularly when they are using the electric battery. And plug-ins can lower noise levels even further, as larger battery packs allow driving for lengthier distances using just electric power.
4. These cars have improved fuel efficiency, resulting in less gas used and cutting overall demand for fossil fuels. This means that there is less pressure to drill in environmentally-sensitive areas such as Alaska, in which oil exploration activities are currently proscribed by the government. These areas contain some of the planet's most fragile ecosystems, which would surely be disrupted by the presence of oil drillers.
Unfortunately, one of the main factors against wider adoption of these cars among consumers remains price, as a hybrid car can cost thousands of dollars more compared with a conventional automobile. However, prices are expected to go down in the future as the technology becomes more widespread and older models begin entering the secondary market. Tax incentives for plug-in hybrids at the Federal and state level also help make the cost of shifting to a hybrid more affordable. Ultimately, however, as the effects of global warming worsen, the bottom line for most buyers may be that a hybrid car is more environment friendly.
Are you looking for more information regarding hybrid car environment? Visit www.hybridcarsinfo.org today!

You Don't Have to Own a Goofy Looking Car to Save Money

Did you know that most of the gas burning engines out there today have an efficiency rate of only about 25%? This means roughly 75% of the energy from fuel burned by those vehicles is wasted as pollution (unburned fuel) vibration and heat. This means that only about %25 of the gas you're paying for is used to move your car. That's like throwing away seventy five of every one hundred dollars that you earn! That's insane!
What can we do about this? The answer is simple. When you supply hydrogen or in this case HHO to the engine, via the intake manifold or carburetor, it's added combustion gives you more power and ultimately requires less gas. HHO gas works as a catalyst to burn your gasoline better and increase the efficiency of your engine.
There are many ways to acquire an HHO Booster. I think you'll be surprised to find that the cheapest way is to just build one yourself. You're probably thinking, "What do I know about hybrid cars or hydrogen generators?" Not to worry, it's easy. You don't need to be mechanically inclined to build and install a working hydrogen generator in almost any gas burning motor. All the parts can be found at your local hardware store for less than sixty dollars.
HHO boosters increase your gas mileage by 25% to 50%! Let us say that you had a twenty gallon gas tank on a vehicle that got twenty five miles per gallon. With a 25% increase in gas mileage you would get 125 more miles out of each tank! 250mi. At 50%!
The process is very safe. The combustible gasoline in your engine is extracted on demand and burned steadily from water. Not like large volumes of pure hydrogen which are highly flammable, a generator produces hydrogen as the motor needs it rather than storing it. Best of all, It won't void the auto manufacturers warranty. It's as easy to take off as it is to put on. This drive on water device widens the torque range and increases acceleration. It not only eliminates the carbon that builds up as "gunk" in your motor caused by unburned fuel, it steam cleans your engine over time. After a couple weeks you notice your vehicle running smoother, quieter and calmer. The reduced vibration causes less strain on the transmission leading to smoother gear shifts, cleaner pistons and valves, and all around better engine operation.
Installing a homemade booster into your car is probably the best thing you can do for your wallet, environment and your vehicle.
For more information on how to construct a HHO booster contact me at coleduerr1@gmail.com

What Is HHO Gas?

HHO gas or the Browns gas has been one of the major discoveries since the last few years. They are extremely useful when it comes to saving your money and enhancing your car's efficiency. Electrolysis is the foremost process through which water gets split into two major gaseous components, namely oxygen and hydrogen. 2 molecules of hydrogen gas and 1 molecule of oxygen gas combine together to form HHO gas. It is also known by the name Oxyhydrogen. The 2:1 molar ratio of hydrogen and oxygen molecules simply makes brown gas the most efficient fuel option for all.
HHO or brown gas mainly releases adequate amount of energy when it is burnt. Water and heat are produced as after products of their combustion. Well, if you are not aware, then I would like to bring this to your knowledge that brown gas is very much efficient as compared to other fuel options. HHO gas is widely used in most of the industries these days. Oxyhydrogen gas is well enhanced with numerous benefits and advantages. Some of them are mentioned below.
1. HHO gas is extremely powerful as compared to other fuels. They are well enhanced with incredible power and this feature makes them much more efficient.
2. The most important feature of these fuels is their eco-friendly nature. They do not create any kind of smoke when they are burnt.
3. Browns gas is widely used in most of the industries because they are capable of producing great amount of heat during the combustion process. Brown gas is mainly used in high temperature torches. A temperature of 2800 degrees can be easily obtained by igniting these gas fuels.
4. You can improve your car's efficiency with the help of these gas fuels. HHO is mainly produced by the electrolysis of water and hence they can be easily transformed into oxyhydrogen. This method is quite safe because the hydrogen gas is not stored in combustible state.
5. Most of the individuals use these gas fuels in their cars so that they can enjoy an improved mileage. You can easily cover a distance of 100 miles in only 8 ounces of HHO gas.
6. Browns gas is not at all expensive. You can install the oxyhydrogen kits in your cars if you want to improve their efficiency.
7. HHO gas fuels can be easily stored. You need to take some basic precautions while storing these power stuffs.
8. These gas fuels are also used in oxy-hydrogen blowpipes. The flame which is produced by the combustion of HHO is used in most of the industries for melting various refractory materials like fire bricks, platinum and porcelain.
HHO gas is really the most efficient fuel through which you can save your money and increase your vehicles efficiency. It is really the most efficient power option through which you can run your cars on water. Their enhanced efficiency and cost effectiveness is making them more and more popular in today's world.
Save 40-60% on gas with gas conversion kits. For expert reviews on the top kits in the market visit gas conversion kits kits reviews and gas conversion kits

How To Save Fuel, Go Green By Running Car On Water

More than 70% of this planet Earth where we live on is comprised of water. We have always used and continue to use for different reasons but now scientific advancement has led to the discovery that fuel can be made from water as well and it is potent enough to run your vehicle. You now have the opportunity to run car on water.
Water as we all know have the power to generate energy but obviously you did not know that it can be used to drive vehicles. So now you can run your car on water. All you need to do is to understand the secret behind it.
It is a fact that hydro-electric power and the pictures of a huge dam are all that comes to our mind when we consider the terms water and energy in the same sentence but water can be used to provide energy is ways other than the traditional ones.
We all know that water is composed of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. There is a compound similar to water and surely it is made from water itself and it is called the oxy-hydrogen. This oxy-hydrogen having the same molecular composition can be formed from water with the help of electrolysis. This oxy-hydrogen is though made from water has the unique property of being in the gaseous state at room temperatures while water is a liquid under the same conditions.
This oxy-hydrogen when combined with gasoline can be used to power vehicles. This does not only help you to save on fuel but also increase mileage and it has been proved after a number of tests.
The oxy-hydrogen has always found its use in the metallurgical industries where it is frequently used to melding glass, metal and other objects. But the idea if running cars on water is a novel one and is yet to be done commercially.
The reason for this being kept a secret is fairly easy to comprehend. There are many countries all around the world which have become rich by selling oil. Truly many such oil producing nations has only one source of income. Typically the Middle Eastern countries which are blessed with the reserves of oil are the ones which have the capability of selling oil all around the world. If news like this was to break out then it will bring down the gasoline requirement all around the world and many well established economies will come crashing down.
It is necessary to understand that this compound alone cannot help you to run your vehicles because of the high amount of electricity required so it must be a combination of the gasoline and the water. But still you will be requiring less amount of petrol for obvious reasons. This fact about the mileage increasing is also a tried and tested result.
So using water for your car will not only prove to be beneficial for your pocket but will also be fairly handy on the environment as well.
Run your car on water and increase your vehicle's fuel efficiency today: http://www.drivecarwithwater.com

What Is an HHO Generator?

HHO gas generators play a very crucial role in the automobile industry. All you need to do is to buy an HHO gas kit for your vehicle. It would surely improve your car's performance and help you save fuel. If you want to make your vehicle's engine more powerful and cleaner then you got to acquire this wonderful gas generator kit. According to me, it is a ground-breaking technology that will change your life forever. This article is going to deal with some information regarding this topic.
Increasing your car's efficiency and making it eco-friendly is pretty tough. However, you can easily do so by installing an HHO gas generator inside your car. The benefits of this system are immense. Let us discuss a few of them.
• Increases your vehicle's mileage and saves your fuel bills.
• Low production cost.
• eco-friendly system.
• Enhances your car's efficiency.
• Low carbon emissions.
• Helps in bringing global warming.
So, these are some of the key benefits of a gas generator. I must tell you that you need to go through the above mentioned points carefully before purchasing this system. This conversion system should be installed in your car with absolute care. I would like to recommend this item to you for enhancing your vehicle's performance. The contents of this conversion system are: electrolysis setup, small reservoir, electric wire and gas generator. The designs available in the market are simply amazing.
Constructing an HHO gas conversion system is not at all difficult. If you follow you some proper steps then you can easily do so. Once you assemble all the necessary parts you can start constructing them. You also need to add some baking soda in the conversion system. It will act as a catalyst in the system. HHO generators are mostly used as automobile fuels. It is connected directly with the engine where the combustion takes place. It gives your car's engine a significant boost.
Before operating this generator you will certainly need to learn a few important things. If you face any difficulty then you can consider surfing the net. I am sure you will find a lot of information on the net. A lot of step by step installation guides are available in the market. You can go through them in order to learn the process of installation. Consider taking help from a professional in this regard. You can even read some online reviews.
You would be quite amazed to know that the byproduct of this entire procedure is H2O (water). I would like to inform you that you can even prepare this conversion system using household items. However, you certainly need to understand its functioning properly. The container that you purchase should be made up of PVC material. If you want to enjoy a long romantic drive with your loved one without any stoppage then you certainly need to set up this system inside your car. Read this article once for further information. It could be of great help to you. Enjoy driving your car in the city.
Save 40-60% on gas with gas conversion kits. For expert reviews on the top kits in the market visit gas conversion kits reviews and gas conversion kits blog.

How Do HHO Gas Conversion Kits Save On Gas?

We all want to save our hard earned money when it comes to automobile fuels. These days hydrogen power is becoming a great source of energy due to its abundance. It is not only quite economical but is quite safe as well. All these points contribute towards the emergence of HHO gas a great source of energy. This article is going to offer you complete information regarding HHO gas conversion kits. You can certainly save your money by using this fuel in your car's engine.
You would be quite amazed to know that HHO gas is 3 times more efficient than the ordinary fuel, gasoline. Now, let us discuss a few key benefits of using this Brown's gas in your vehicle's engine.
• Enhances the fuel efficiency by at least 40 percent. So, you can save around 100 dollars per month.
• Works on eco technology.
• Boost your engine's performance a great deal.
• Low maintenance cost.
• Helps in protecting the atmosphere.
A good HHO gas conversion kit comes for about 60 dollars. Once you figure out the precise functioning of this system you can easily use it in all your cars. According to me, the future of this wonderful money saving system is absolutely secure. However, you need to gather some information regarding it beforehand in order to avoid any kind of inconvenience. Now, mentioned below are a few instructions that would help you out in this regard.
1. Always consider purchasing such systems from a reputed shop. You need to opt for branded items. One should never compromise on the quality even if the price is a bit high.
2. You need to use apt quantity of water in this system. It will also help you keep your car absolutely clean.
3. HHO gas conversion kit burns a small amount of water.
4. If you use this system efficiently then you can even enhance the horsepower of your car.
So, these are a few points to remember regarding HHO gas conversion kits. You need to be very specific and clear when it comes to choosing an economical source of energy. One more advantage of this system is that it makes lesser noise in your engine than gasoline. If you want you can even prepare this conversion gas kit at your home. However, you will have to take some help from a trained professional. He would definitely offer you some crucial help.
You must prepare your monetary budget carefully before opting for this system as it comes for an expensive price. In case of a difficulty, you can surf the net and look for your prospective options. Internet is a field that would offer you complete knowledge regarding such systems. In order to bring down your fuel cost you need to work really hard. Don't forget to check out this topic at least once. It could be of great help and guidance to you. Have a lot of fun and enjoy yourself. I am sure you would be able to enjoy a long drive with your friends and family members.
Save 40-60% on gas with gas conversion kits. For expert reviews on the top kits in the market visit gas conversion kits reviews and gas conversion kits blog.

Minneapolis Says Yes to Green Fleet Management Policy

Thanks to smart decisions and advanced technology, the City of Minneapolis now uses fewer vehicles in smarter ways, and also has been able to cut costs to taxpayers and reduce air pollution.
In Minneapolis over the last few months the Mayor and City Fleet Managers have been working together to create a "Green Fleet" strategy. Now is their chance to implement it, as the Mayor and the City have just gotten voter approval to move forward with their all new Green Fleet Policy. A Green Fleet Policy works by increasing fleet sustainability and reducing cost to taxpayers.
City Fleet Management reported that the new Green Fleet Policy has already helped the city to reduce gas consumption in city vehicles and equipment by 6 percent from 2008 - 2010; reduce the size of the fleet by 75 vehicles since 2008; improve fleet fuel efficiency by purchasing 324 alternative or hybrid vehicles; retrofitted large fuel guzzling vehicles to reduce vehicle emissions (paid for a Federal Grant).
According to the city of Minneapolis, vehicles are the largest contributor of air pollution, which is linked to increased rates of cancer, heart and lung disease, asthma and allergies. Carbon dioxide in car exhaust has also been blamed as one of the biggest sources of greenhouse gases linked to climate change.
Many drivers do not realize how much gas idling wastes. Idling gets a driver nowhere, yet it burns fuel and creates unnecessary air pollution. Exhaust from an idling car is more dangerous than exhaust from a moving car because exhaust from an idling vehicle carries a higher load of pollutants. Drivers can make a big impact by changing their driver habits. Minneapolis City regulations prohibit most vehicles from idling for more than three minutes.If you see a vehicle idling for more than a few minutes, the city says you should call 311 to report the driver.
City officials said they are using a fleet GPS tracking system to reduce the short-term and long-term costs of owning and operating City vehicles. Also the GPS tracking system is helping the City to reduce vehicle idling, because 10 seconds of idling generally uses more fuel than restarting the car and produces more pollutants.
Vehicle tracking solutions can improve government fleet metrics. Fleet tracking system users consistently report greater on-time arrivals, increased productivity and lower total operating expenses. A modern, telematics-based GPS vehicle tracking system can help fleets to cut costs, increase workforce productivity, improve customer service, stop wasteful driving habits and reduce harmful vehicle emissions.
Codi David, Green Fleet Management and Vehicle Tracking Professional

How Do Water To Gasoline (HHO) DIY Conversion Kits Work?

If you're wondering how water to gasoline (HHO) DIY conversion kits work, then there's a good chance you are seriously interested in saving thousands of dollars on fuel bills. By using a water to gasoline conversion kit guide, you will discover just how easy it is to greatly improve your vehicles MPG (Miles Per Gallon) efficiency ratio and decrease harmful emissions. It's a win-win situation.
Water to gasoline (HHO) DIY Conversion Kit Guides can show you how to assemble and install your own system with parts sourced locally for as little as $50, even with little or no previous mechanical experience. It really is that simple.
So how does it work? Well the method has been around for almost a century. Discovered by Nicola Tesla, it is possible to use Electrolysis to produce an alternative fuel (HHO Gas) as a partial substitute for gasoline. (HHO is proven to be 3 times more powerful than gasoline!)
A water to gasoline (HHO) DIY conversion kit can help you to harness the enormous amount of energy that water stores, just waiting to be released. With electrolysis technology, whenever you place two pieces of metal in water, and apply electricity, the water separates into its basic molecules: Hydrogen & Oxygen (H2O).
Applying electricity from your car battery separates the molecules to form a gas (HHO), which is a mixture of Hydrogen and Oxygen. (HHO is also known as Browns Gas, or Hydroxy).
The HHO gas is then sucked into your engine and mixed along with the air from your air filter. As the gasoline is ignited in the engine, so is the HHO: a combination more powerful than gasoline alone. A water to gasoline (HHO) DIY conversion kit can boost your mileage by 30% to 50 %!
HHO is vastly more effective than plain Hydrogen; because you are also producing extra amounts of Oxygen, the gasoline burns faster and cleaner. This results in a better MPG ratio, as well as a cleaner exhaust! Using HHO also lowers your engine temperature. Overall, your vehicle will run cleaner, quieter and smoother.
A Water to Gasoline (HHO) DIY Conversion Kit Guide will show you how to use less than a liter of water a week to save on up to 30 gallons of gasoline a month! Aside from all of the monetary savings (you can even avail of alternative energy reductions from the IRS), you can rest easy in the knowledge that you are doing your bit for the environment.
For more information on the best Water to Gasoline (HHO) DIY conversion kits available CLICK HERE
http://moregasmpg.com/getmorempg.html

Why Use Water To Gasoline (HHO) Diy Conversion Kits?

Why use water to gasoline (HHO) DIY conversion kits? Good question. We've all been there: frustratingly queuing up at the gas station for the umpteenth time on a road trip, just to find out that the price of gas has risen since your last refill due to developments in the latest Middle East crisis.
You reach for your wallet, trying to calculate how much money you will need to spend on gas just to complete the journey. Despairingly, you realize that at some stage you will have to resort to putting it on your credit card, adding further costs. Surely there must be a cheaper way?
Well, have you ever considered running your car on the most abundant resource on the planet: Water?
Converting your car to run on water is so simple, and cost-effective, you will be kicking yourself when you try to contemplate why you haven't been doing this for years.
Water to gasoline conversion employs Electrolysis, a simple technique that has been around for almost a century: a method that the Oil company magnates don't want you to know about, lest you eat into their profits. By using a water to gasoline (HHO) DIY conversion kit, you can;
• Save thousands of dollars on fuel bills
• Increase fuel efficiency by 30% - 50%
• Decrease harmful emissions
• Lower engine temperature
All sound too good to be true, doesn't it? Surely it couldn't be that easy? Well, it is. Even without any previous mechanical experience, you can assemble & install your own water to gasoline conversion kit, with parts acquired locally for as little as $50! A water to gasoline DIY conversion guide is all you need to use less than a liter of water a week to save on up to 30 gallons of gasoline a month!
Using a HHO conversion kit, applying electricity from your car battery separates water into its basic molecules: hydrogen and oxygen. This forms a gas (HHO), which combines with the air from your air filter and the gasoline; this combination is vastly superior to gasoline alone.
Another reason why you should use a water to gas (HHO) DIY conversion kit is that the resulting HHO gas is far more effective than just plain hydrogen; you are also producing extra amounts of oxygen. This causes the gasoline to burn faster and cleaner; as a result your vehicle will experience an increased MPG (Miles Per Gallon) ratio, as well as a cleaner exhaust
And, of course, this is all good for the environment. Aside from having a clearer environmental conscience, using a water to gasoline (HHO) conversion kit has the added benefit of gaining you alternative energy reductions from the IRS - yet another long-term saving.
As you can see, the benefits of installing a water to gasoline (HHO) DIY conversion kit are manifold. Save money. Save on gas. Save the environment. It's all so easy.
For the best Water to Gasoline DIY conversion kit guides available CLICK HERE, and you can be doing your bit for the environment whilst saving a fortune in no time!
http://moregasmpg.com/getmorempg.html

Ethanol - The Cheap Gas That Will Replace High-Priced Petroleum?

High gas prices have been a thorn in the side of all drivers for the last few years, as they continue to steadily rise. That is why alternative fuels such as ethanol have gained so much attention during the same period. Some believe that it can be the savior of America's energy policy, while others see it as a fad that is made popular by subsidized corporate backers.
There is a lot of misinformation out there about ethanol. The reality of its role as a viable alternative to petroleum-based gasoline is a lot more complex. Though currently not as common available or used as gasoline, it could become a prominent part of the U.S. and world fuel supply in the coming years.
What is ethanol? Ethanol is a fuel derived from plants. In the United States, the primary plant that is used is corn. The process of making corn into fuel involves grounding it into a fine powder, adding water and then heating it. Then an enzyme is added to convert the mixture into sugars which are then fermented with yeast. The resulting is a liquid that is about 10% alcohol. Through distillation, the alcohol is separated and used as ethanol fuel.
Why the buzz about ethanol? Ethanol has a number of advantages over gasoline. Firstly, it is a renewable resource and it burns much cleaner. Secondly, it can be produced domestically, cutting our dependence on foreign oil. Brazil has had great success in reducing foreign imports to almost nothing by the use of domestically produced ethanol.
Drawbacks? One of the main drawbacks to ethanol production in the U.S. is the reliance on corn. Brazil's decades-old program, one of the first of its kind and most successful, relies on sugarcane. Since the U.S. is a large producer of corn and does not have the capability to significantly grow sugarcane, corn-based ethanol is what the U.S. produces. Not only does corn-based ethanol create significantly less energy than sugarcane when compared to the effort required to produce it, but it is also much more costly.
Another drawback to corn-based ethanol is the impact it has on the food market. The fuel supply and the food supply compete for the same resource, driving up prices and straining supply.
Solutions? With the number of drawbacks that the U.S. ethanol industry has had, there is great hope in the future. Technology is advancing to the point where we will not be relying on corn for our ethanol, but rather bio-waste. From the leftovers of food to such things as plastic bags, using material that would otherwise end up in a landfill to produce ethanol fuel will have a major positive impact on the market.
For more information on the advances of ethanol production technology and other articles on the advantages of ethanol, please visit www.e85ethanolfuel.com

Cars And The Environment - Sources of Bio-Diesel That Could Solve Our Energy Problems

Most people can see that our current usage of fossil fuel produced diesel and gasoline, and oil recovered from wells bored deeper and deeper into the ground, can not go on. We have to change the way we use, or the way we produce, fuel. One option is to change from fossil oil to bio mass produced oil. From oil produced in this way we can produce bio-diesel.
Most bio material:
Oil can be made from most bio mass, not just cereal and other traditional oil producing crops like sunflowers. There are so many diverse sources that can be used. Many go someway to answering the main criticism of bio fuel, that is, it will take up valuable agricultural land needed for food production.
Peanut oil:
When the first diesel engine was produced by Rudolf Diesel in 1893 it was demonstrated running on peanut oil. It was never envisaged that it would be run on an oil made from crude oil. It only became the norm to use fossil fuel produced oils because they were cheaper than vegetable based ones. This is no longer the case. However peanuts are just one of the potential oil sources we can use.
Algae:
Algae has a high oil content and it is easy to cultivate.One of the most exciting and innovative sources of this is using sewage treatment plants. Waste water treatment ponds at these plants make great algae ponds. This can be harvested and made into oil. The great thing about this is it is extremely cheap, and the land used for its production already exits.
Corn:
Oil produced from corn can be used to make bio-diesel, but if it can also be fermented into alcohol to produce bio ethanol. This in-turn can be used as gasoline. Currently we produce a surplus of corn. However, as this method uses a food resource it is more controversial.
Animal fat:
Rendered animal fat can be used to make bio-diesel. There are several problems that are unique to using this source however. It is effectively the first fuel that cannot be used by vegetarians, plus it produces an unpleasing smell when burned. Also due to the fact it solidifies at a higher temperature than most oils, it cannot be used in areas that have a low ambient temperature without being treated with additives.
Fish oil:
Like animal fats, oil produced from fish can be used in the same way. It has similar disadvantages, being derived from an animal it is not suitable for vegetarians, but does have better low temperature performance.
Used cooking oil:
McDonalds in the UK are currently powering their delivery trucks from a bio-diesel. This is produced partly from the used oil from its restaurants. Used cooking oil is a great source of raw material for the home producer too. It can be a mix of many different oils, so you should test a sample from each batch for its low temperature performance before use.
Vegetable oils:
there are hundreds of different types. Sunflower and Soybean oil are two of the best known. Bio-diesel plants in Europe mostly use Rapeseed. Tropical countries use oils that come from plants that grow in the their area, like Palm, and Coconut.
Used coffee grains:
Your morning latte could potentially power your car. It may seem improbable, but studies are taking place using bio-diesel produced from used coffee grains. It is said that if all the used coffee grains in the world were collected, and used in this way, it would provide 1% of the worlds diesel requirements.
Fungi:
Scientists in Russia are experimenting with an oil producing fungi. It is said that the amount of oil that can potentially be produced from this could be quite significant.
Seaweed:
Plants that grow in salt water areas, or salt spray, like certain grasses and seaweed, can be used to produce oil. The great thing about this is that coastal areas are used, not prime agricultural land. Plus there are potentially many acres of production area available that are currently not used for any other purpose.
As you can see there are many sources of bio fuel, each have their own specific advantages and disadvantages. One interesting thing about fuel produced in this way is that you can make your own bio-diesel. With the right raw materials you can produce your own fuel and enjoy reduced motoring costs, and because bio fuel is kinder to the environment, guilt free motoring too.

The Green Car - Alternative Fuel Vehicles, What Are the Options?

With the ever climbing costs of fuel derived from crude oil, many of us are considering swapping to an alternative fuel vehicle. You may be considering what option, of the many available, is right for you. The advantages and disadvantages of each are discussed below. I hope this will help you make a decision about which one you should choose.
Bio fuel in your regular car:
One of the fastest ways to make your current car greener is to switch from the fuel you use now to a bio fuel made from renewable sources. No matter what your car runs on now, diesel, or gasoline, there is a bio alternative available for it.
Bio fuels general produce less harmful emissions, and they don't use precious resources. They are not necessarily cheaper, although they will get cheaper, but they are much kinder to the planet.
Compressed gas:
Compressed gas, often called liquid petroleum gas or LPG. Whilst it is usually derived from fossil fuel, still burns a lot cleaner than liquid fuels. It is a low emission fuel, and often a lot cheaper. A car that burns gasoline can easily be converted to use this type of fuel. Once converted it will happily burn both liquid and compressed gas fuels or "dual fuel." This means you never have to be worried about running out of compressed gas if you are in an area where supplies are not easy to come by.
Hybrid:
Hybrid vehicles are becoming more and more common. These vehicles run on both conventional fuel and electric, and have both kinds of motors in the engine bay. Even though they have an electric motor and a bank of batteries you never actually recharge them. The batteries are in fact charged from the turning motion of the wheels, and even collect energy when the car is slowing down through a process called regenerative braking.
Plug in hybrid:
This is the next generation of hybrid vehicles, they work exactly like the traditional hybrid above, but have the added option of being able to be plugged in to an electric power source overnight. A plug in hybrid runs as a pure electric vehicle longer than the equivalent hybrid car. This gives them pretty impressive fuel consumption figures.
Pure electric:
This is the greenest option of all the alternative vehicles available. It runs on nothing but electric. You just plug in, charge, and go. They are zero emission, and cost a fraction of a traditional car to fuel up. They do tend to be expensive to buy, and even though they will pay back in fuel cost savings, and also tax savings in many areas, they still represent a hefty investment.
One option being taken by a few motorists is converting the car they have now into an electric vehicle (EV.) This is not as daunting a prospect as you may think, and with a kit or some good plans the average DIY mechanic should be able to successful undertake an electric vehicle conversion.

The Green Car And Other Uses For Bio-Diesel

Bio fuel in the form of bio-diesel can be used for clean environmentally sound power for personal transport. Most modern diesel engines can use it without modification. However bio fuel can be used for much more than just cars.
Aircraft:
Trials are ongoing with various airlines, and aircraft manufacturers, to produce a viable bio fuel powered aircraft. The German airline Lufthansa have been running an Airbus A321 on a mix of traditional fuel and bio fuel since 2010 in an attempt to show long-term effects on engine wear, performance, and maintenance.
Trains:
Around the world many trains are now powered by pure or blends of bio-diesel and regular diesel. Virgin trains in the UK are running several passenger trains on a mix of regular and bio fuel using 80% regular and 20% bio. The park trains at Disneyland in the USA have all been running on 95% bio-diesel since 2007. Trains are one of the easiest modes of transport to convert, as they are already powered by diesel in many cases, and can switch with little modification being necessary.
Heating:
Bio fuel can be used as heating oil. Again switching requires minimal change to the burners and equipment. It can not only save money, as it is a cheaper fuel, but also produces 80% less CO2, so it is much kinder to the environment.
Buses:
This is another case where change is quite simple. A bus diesel engine can adapt to the bio equivalent with little modification, and doing so brings a massive reduction in the CO2 emissions. As this form of transport is often used in large cities, changing to this cleaner fuel will make them a lot more pleasant places to be. The reduction in soot and sulfur dioxide deposits will preserve the buildings too, as many are damaged by this acidic soot build up currently.
Trucks:
McDonalds fleet in the UK was the first major delivery fleet to run on 100% bio-diesel. It is even more environmentally sound as a percentage of the bio fuel is derived by processing waste oil from it's own restaurants. Converting the worlds delivery vehicles to bio-fuel would make massive savings in fossil oil use, and also reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Transport is a thing which we cannot go without, so reducing its impact is a great step in the right direction.
Your car:
One of the fastest ways that we can all improve our environmental credentials is by switching to bio fuel. It is available now on the forecourt of most filling stations. If you live in Europe and use diesel, you will already be using a 20% mix, as all commercially available diesel fuel now contains this percentage of bio-diesel. Most car engines can use pure bio-diesel with little or no modification, so you could switch today.
Making your own:
Bio-diesel is one of the only fuels that you can make at home. You can buy a converter that will take waste vegetable cooking oil, and make bio-diesel completely automatically. These are quite costly, and even though they will pay for themselves over time, if you are unsure you can get a bio-diesel guide and produce fuel in your own kitchen. It is not that difficult, and if you make your own bio-diesel you will save money and help the environment too.

Electric Car Battery Life - What's The Best Way To Preserve Your Batteries?

Manufacturers have always recommended that batteries in a battery pack should be charged to full levels, particularly for storage. However a certain charge state that works for one type of battery doesn't always work for another. I recently received an electric car newsletter discussing this very topic and summarizing that a lithium battery that is partially charged, not fully charged, is best for longevity when kept in storage. Is this true? And if so, for all lithium battery types? Conversely, the article stated that regular topping-up is recommended.
Such thoughts are far from the average driver but typical daily use of an electric vehicle will require a daily charging habit. However, is daily charging bad if it's not needed? While a peak charge is not harmful if the level drops to a stable voltage within a short period of time, persistent charging could affect the battery chemistry (also note that a lithium phosphate battery should not be discharged below a recommended level of 33%).
Before we discuss charging further, let's consider driver habits. Heavy current demand on batteries from aggressive acceleration and up-hill climbs will tap more heavily into available power. While a 33% remaining level is recommended for lithium phosphates, power demands can poke through this 'floor' from time to time, even with 50% charge remaining. A demanding pedal push causes a downward spike. Sure it would be momentary but consider the troughs created by such demands. Excessive drops repeatedly dipping below that safe level could affect the stable chemistry and shorten battery life. I'm not sure how the lithium substrate and cadence that enforces the lattice bonding is affected. No one has bash tested these batteries to any great degree outside the manufacturer's laboratory (perhaps due to cost) and one would assume the manufacturer performed some of their own tolerance testing (not that I can locate decent test results). Therefore being conservative with driving habits is always a sound recommendation. Persistent excessive demand will indeed shorten pack life and using the lower gears will help preserve power demand when necessary. If your electric vehicle is a direct drive type, selecting an economy mode will protect the battery pack.
Back to charging, we all know that overcharging can ruin a lithium battery. When my batteries reach their top charge of 4.2 volts each, after shunt they drop back to 3.4 volts or so over a given period (I should measure this time, I believe it's around 40 minutes or so). If one constantly charges a pack after short drives one could argue that batteries reach their top voltages more often which would result in a shorter life, even for top 'safe' voltages, particularly if the current is high (32 amps from some commercial charge station providers). A lower current charge means less time where a battery sits at its peak voltage. It is not recommended for lithium batteries to be kept at their topmost voltages for long periods. As some studies have concluded, excessive electrolyte at this level can result in faster drain.
What battery pack do you have? Most 'do it yourself' electric car builders use SLA (Sealed Lead Acid) batteries simply because they are a low-cost option, however their life cycle is approximately half that of lithium chemistries. With lithium batteries, phosphates are more stable than the cobalt types being produced for some commercial vehicles. While cobalt chemistry has a greater energy density (good for performance) life span is expected to be less than the phosphate batteries (and manganese and polymers for that matter). Also, without management, overcharging can be a fire hazard, described as 'thermal runaway' (whereas phosphate chemistry just vents and melts in such a situation).
Most lead acid electric vehicles don't have battery management; such batteries are typically charged to full but management can help. A friend's pack regularly sulphates; some of the batteries become overcharged while others haven't reached their full charge state. This only serves to reduce plate area and charge capacity so a BMS (Battery Management System) on a lead acid battery car would be just as useful, even if the lead acids are more robust than lithium batteries.
Ultimately the jury is still out on the typical percentage idle charge. Some say 45% for lithium batteries when left alone. Others disagree and there are too many variables to consider; environment, temperature and so on. If you go away on vacation and the car is sitting around, some insist that lithium batteries last longer on a partial charge but as I just mentioned, no one can agree on a charge state. To accommodate the variables, I tend to believe an idle state of 85% charge is sufficient. Somehow the lithium substrate ages when left lying around fully charged, particularly in warmer temperatures. I am not sure how true this is for phosphate chemistries albeit reasonably documented for cobalt batteries.
Driving around short distances and charging regularly is fine; the batteries should last longer from frequent partial charges than deep charges anyway. When I do charge, I prefer to do so during the daytime/afternoon where possible if I haven't driven very far. Note your energy usage in this regard; off-peak or shoulder periods may be a better time for charging. I could leave charging another day but that just adds to the eventual charging time when I need to do so, and doesn't allow capacity if I have to make a long drive somewhere. Ultimately lifestyle will govern how often you charge your pack. Given driving habits and when to charge, I prefer to charge every day.
While off-peak is cheaper I don't like the idea of my car charging all night when it doesn't need too, constantly shunting on/off to retain the top voltages, having achieved the balancing some hours earlier (and the my charger's shunt action is loud). Despite initial investment, solar panels on the roof of my house help to lower the cost and provide virtually free energy for my vehicle now. With energy prices going up, my EV is still cheap to run and I get a good night's sleep.
Happy electric motoring,
Carmel M Morris
Carmel MD Morris is a published author, technical writer and engineer. She converted a 1983 Mitsubishi Starion coupe to an all-electric vehicle and now drives happily around town with no gas worries. Using conversion guides, anyone can convert a gas car to electric, www.convertyourgasguzzler.com.

What I'd Like to See in a Hybrid Vehicle

Hybrid vehicles are in season. The two most famous examples at the moment are the Toyota Prius (with large sales and popularity), and the Chevy Volt (with cutting edge technology). The Prius uses a drivetrain that places the electric motor in parallel with the gasoline engine to drive the transmission with the either or both. The Volt drivetrain places the electric motor in series with the gasoline engine, with an electric generator in between. Overall, I much prefer the configuration on the Volt. However, it0s large battery and inefficient gasoline engine are major drawbacks.
The problem I have with the Prius is that the electric motor can't be charged by the gasoline engine, and therefore contributes much less to the overall propulsion of the vehicle. All the energy powering the electric motor must come from recycling energy used to slow the vehicle (i.e. regenerative braking). This gives the vehicle decent gas mileage in stop and go driving, but the electric motor becomes worthless on the highway. Furthermore, the gasoline engine on the Prius is essentially a standard small car engine. It delivers decent mileage at highway speeds but is relatively inefficient in stop and go traffic (as are all small engines since they have to rev so high during acceleration). Despite this, the Prius posts some very good MPG numbers (51/48) overall using the electric motor in city driving and the gasoline engine on the highway, but we can do better.
The Volt drivetrain would be a superior solution to the Prius, but the huge battery and inefficient engine ruin the day. For starters, the battery costs in the neighborhood of $10,000 just to manufacture, and weighs close to 400 pounds with a lifespan of 8 years. The purpose of this massive battery is to give the car a range of up to 40 miles without using any gas at all. Apparently the unspoken assumption here is that people don't want to use gasoline anymore. Doing some math, if I were to drive 40 miles a day in a car that gets 30 MPG, I would be spending $5.33 on gas (at $4 a gallon). Multiply that by 365 days a year and 8 years, and that comes out to $15,500 in gas. GM estimates it will cost $1.50 a day in electricity to power the Volt. Doing the same math as before, that works out to $4,380 in electricity over the same period of time. Add that to the cost of the battery and you discover it that it costs almost the same amount of money to drive the Volt using nothing but electricity as it does to drive a normal car on gas. Sure, if you drive it every day and the cost of gas stays high, you may save a few thousand dollars over the course of 8 years, but it's hardly revolutionary. Admittedly, there are other reasons and factors at play for reducing dependency on oil, and a more detailed environmental impact can be found here. However, if the whole bio fuel from cyanobacteria technology pans out, this might be a moot point.
The other problem with the Volt is GM's choice of gasoline engine. Since the gasoline engine is only used to power a generator for charging the battery, it can be highly optimized to just that task. But, to save time and money, GE decided to throw in a regular 4-cylinder engine from one of its other cars. The result is a feeble 35/40 MPG under gasoline power. The original projection when they first started development on the Volt was 50 MPG under gasoline power. The good news is that GM recognizes this problem and work is underway to replace the engine in the next generation Volt with something far more efficient (References for this paragraph here).
The ideal hybrid vehicle would use the Volt style powertrain, with the electric motor and gasoline engine in series, but do away with the large battery and just run a highly optimized gasoline engine all the time. I can envision a vehicle getting at least 60 MPG without an expensive battery and with all the low-end torque of an electric motor. Without the battery costs and size of the larger engine, the price tag ought to be in the mid-$20k's. You might say, "jeez the Prius does all that now". True, but the Prius is reaching the limits of what its drivetrain architecture can accomplish. The Volt architecture has much more potential for future, especially when coupled with a next generation engine designed specifically for powering electric motors, such as this one. One day we could be looking at over 100 MPG, with no large batteries needed.
The Raba Review: http://rabareview.com
Science and Technology news and opinions.

Seven Good Reasons To Run Your Car On Water

There are so many advantages to running your car on HHO - a powerful gas created when hydrogen is released from water - that you will find the initial costs of HHO conversion are going to be far outweighed by the benefits.
1. The benefit you will probably appreciate the most is the decrease in gasoline consumption. A water powered car can run up to 60% more efficiently than a car powered only by gas and you will see the same rate of improvement in miles per gallon, which of course results in putting a lot less gas in your car.
2. You will also lower the temperature the engine runs at, reducing the risk of overheating. The HHO gas supplementing your regular fuel will convert to water vapor after combustion, thus keeping the engine cool. The lower engine temperature will, in turn, help to prevent parts from burning out or breaking. Valves, pistons, gaskets and bearings all run the risk of burning out when the engine runs hot, a problem that will no longer exist when running on water fuel.
3. HHO actually changes the combustion cycle, making it more 'even', and putting less strain on the engine. As a result the engine will be noticeably quieter, with less 'pinging'. The transmission will also run better, enabling smoother gear shifts.
4. Your car's overall performance will be considerably better on HHO gas. The acceleration will improve, making the torque range wider. When accelerating, you won't need to floor the gas pedal to speed up as quickly, which will lessen the wear on the engine.
5. The emissions released by your engine will be far cleaner, as the water that is converted to HHO has no chemicals in it. Once burned, the HHO is simply converted back into water. The amount of gasoline consumed will decrease sharply, reducing the volume of carbon emissions.
6. The build-up of carbon in your engine will be reduced as a result of burning less gas. In fact, the HHO will actually flush the carbon out of your engine, lessening the carbon emissions even further. You will also be able to set an example for other drivers in taking the first step to reduce your carbon footprint and find a way to use a fuel that doesn't harm the environment.
7. Your car can easily be unmodified to remove the water fuel system. There are no permanent alterations made to your car, and the water fuel technology doesn't require any changes to the engine. The system can be disconnected in a matter of minutes, and reconnected just as easily.
In conclusion, you and your car will be much better off running on water power. Your costs will decrease as your engine and engine parts last longer, your car runs smoother, and your regular fuel consumption goes way down. You can do your bit to help the environment and save money at the same time.
Jasper Lucas is an expert on alternative energy sources. To find out how to start running your car on water, visit http://www.hhocarplans.com.

Save Money By Keeping Your Car Fuel Efficient

We all dread pulling up to the gas station and watching the price go up and up, until finally, our gas tank is full. Throughout the last couple of years things have gotten worse and for most of us, fueling up means cutting back on other expenses.
Saving a few pennies at the gas station can truly add up, why else would we drive 10 miles out of our way to fuel up at the gas station that offers cheaper prices than the one down the road from our house? To order to visit the gas station less, try these simple tips that will keep your car more fuel efficient.
• Get out in the cold. Try filling up your car during the coolest part of the day. Many older gas pumps don't have a temperature flow meter, therefore the fuel becomes denser when its cool, and you'll end up getting more for your money. Also watch the type of fuel you use, it's somewhat unnecessary to fill your car with premium fuel at the current prices, instead opt for regular. Be aware of E85 fuel, this ethanol-mixed based provides lower fuel economy than pure gasoline.

• Keep that car clean. Not only for looks, washing and waxing your car will also lower the wind resistance of your vehicle. On the inside, remove heavy boxes and junk that only weighs your car down. The removal of weight will also improve your car's fuel economy.

• Change your air filter. No, the guy at car repair place hasn't been telling you this for the last year just to rip you off. If you don't change your air filter annually or bi-annually, your car's engine has to work harder to bring in air, which burns more fuel. To save more money, you can usually change your car's air filter yourself, as it's often a straightforward process.

• Replace those spark plugs. Worn-out spark plugs can't properly ignite the air/fuel mixture in your engine. This results in more fuel being used for the amount of power being produced. Consult your owner's manual to see how often your spark plugs should be changed, as this varies greatly between cars. Additionally, you may want to leave this task to the professionals, as certain cars require hours of work to effectively change spark plugs.

• Check tire pressure. If your tires are underinflated it takes more energy for your car to push down on the road. Even if your pressure is only a little lower than normal, you're burning much more fuel than you have too. It's probably a wise idea to invest in a tire pressure gauge, that way you know when you're wasting fuel.
Investing in the above steps doesn't take a lot of time nor money, but in the long run it can save you both. As gas prices continue to climb, you should be keeping your car in the most fuel efficient shape possible. By implementing the above steps you can drive with confidence, knowing you've done everything to save money at the pump.
Have a fun and safe time on the road, and visit us to find the best deal on the insurance coverage you need. Get money-saving tips, compare free auto insurance quotes and read helpful advice about finding cheap auto insurance from Auto Insurance Rates Direct today.

The Green Car - Go Green Without Changing Your Vehicle

With the ever-increasing price of fuel many of us are looking for ways to save money. Buying an alternative fueled car like a hybrid or pure electric vehicle is one option. However these vehicles are very expensive to buy. The good news is there are many ways you can make the car you have now a lot more environmentally friendly. If you are searching for the green car, it may be already sitting in your driveway. Follow the guidelines below to start saving money and helping the environment today.
Avoid excessive braking:
This is one of the simplest tips, yet many waste massive amounts of fuel by braking late and heavily. As you speed up you use fuel, this is burned by the engine and turned into forward motion. If you then brake all this energy you paid for is converted into heat and some noise. Braking wastes fuel, so the more you anticipate having to slow down, and let the vehicle do this naturally, the more value you will get out of the energy you use.
Accelerate slowly:
The pedal under your right foot is in its simplest form a fuel tap. The more you push it, the more fuel you use. Heavy acceleration uses the maximum amount of fuel. If you practice accelerating gently, and couple this with gentle braking will save gallons of fuel per month.
Get your car serviced regularly:
A properly serviced and tuned engine will perform at its peak efficiency. The longer between services you allow the vehicle to go the more inefficient it will become. Trying to save money on servicing costs is a false economy. With prices the way the are you will likely save more than the cost of the service in fuel saved.
In traffic turn off your engine:
If you are stuck in a traffic queue you should turn your engine off. Your car uses fuel even when stationary, and switching off will save this fuel. You will also not be pumping exhaust gasses into the air leading to a cleaner planet. Some modern car engines are now incorporating a system that automatically switches the engine off whenever the vehicle is stationary for a period of time.
Switch your fuel:
Most forecourts now have greener fuel options. Bio-diesel and even Bio gasoline or ethanol are available in most areas. Most modern engines can switch without modification. These fuels are not always cheaper, but are much friendlier to the environment. Bio-diesel, for example, gives you an 80% reduction in CO2 emissions compared to regular diesel.
Don't use the car for short journeys:
A car powered by traditional fuel like diesel or gasoline is at its most uneconomic when it is cold. Constant short journeys, where the engine never gets warm, are the most inefficient way to use your fuel. A great way of helping the environment, and at the same time improving your health, is to leave the car at home and use a bike or walk instead.
There are many ways you can save money and make your car greener today. You don't have to change your car. I hope the points above have given you a few ideas. Enjoy the savings and happy greener motoring.
Convert to electric:
Did you know that most cars or trucks can be converted into an electric vehicle (EV)? Find the most comprehensive, and easy to follow, electric car conversion plans, by visiting our how to build an electric car site at www.how-to-build-an-electric-car.blogspot.com/.

How to Save Fuel While Driving

With fuel prices rising every time, questions arise hoping to keep the costs pressed, because owning a car is expensive enough with all the taxes and insurance costs coming into play. This article will help you save on fuel money without sacrificing mileage.
Save fuel - preparation
Obviously the car ultimately determines what it takes out of the tank; so if it's possible consider buying an economy car with a high mpg (miles per gallon) rating. Hybrids are also a great way to go. But most of you reading will probably already own a car, so here are a few pointers to start saving after the initial purchase.
Use the secondary odometer to register miles per tank
After refuelling set the counter to 0. Then drive around and when the warning light comes on read the value. It should be around 150-300 miles, which is fine. Use it as a benchmark to see whether curtain techniques work for you.
Braking = loss of momentum
Most fuel is lost during acceleration of the car, that's why ratings are much lower in cities or crowded areas. So with this in mind it's a smart idea to participate on upcoming traffic lights and traffic jams. To save fuel let loose of the accelerator way before actually stopping and press the brake pedal to finish the job. This will release the engine for the last 200-300 feet before the stop, thus distance gained on your average.
Warning: In a tight traffic situation don't release the throttle too early, it could annoy drivers behind you.
Close windows
A car comes out of the factory designed to punch a hole in the air. This ensures the best performance on the road and efficiency because the engine doesn't have to work as hard. This balance is slightly disturbed when you open windows. Because what happens is that the air comes into the car, and slows it down. So for the best efficiency possible: close the windows.
Warning: Saving fuel shouldn't limit your comfort too much, it's okay to open windows but at least consider it.
Buy most efficient fuel
I already said this in the intro. Use the odometer as benchmark to see which fuel works best in your car. Try different gas stations; the way they mix the fuel can be a difference like night and day. Also buy "premium" fuel once in a while, this will clean the pipes, V-power for example.
Change gears between 2250 - 2500 RPM
These values have been scientifically proven to provide the best fuel efficiency. So to save gas, try to change gears between these values. An added advantage of this principle is that your engine will stay quiet thus improving the comfort in the car.
Warning: Some cars with really small engines (<1l) will struggle to stay under 2500rpm at all times. Consider using 2700 - 3000rpm as the benchmark, especially on highways.
Check the tyres
Make sure your tyres have the optimum pressure and aren't worn down. Remember that the rubber is the only thing that actually makes contact with the road (hopefully), so ensure you have the best rubber possible. Consider visiting a local garage for a check up and maintenance
Lighter is always better
When you want to keep going without refuelling; lose all unneeded weight. This includes spare tyres, the neighbour's power tools from last winter and anything that doesn't necessarily have to be there.
Warning: keep the safety tools within range, you never know...
These are the best and most result oriented tips I can give you. Some smaller considerations include: cars perform best during the summer season, sometimes technical issues hinders mpg and it's never too late to go economy. Gas prices will only rise. And by going this route you're also helping the environment. It's a win - win, for your wallet and the world. Good luck!
save fuel driving
I'm Robin Chung. In my spare time I like to write articles and stories. My ultimate dream is to write a life altering story for a lot of readers. Feel free to visit my website and learn more!
Robin Chung

How Is The Tree Truck Helping the Environment?

It is pretty common to hear talk about global warming and the negative effects that industrialization has brought to the environment. Though there are some individuals who would disagree with this idea, many have also agreed with this viewpoint. Now more than ever people are becoming more aware of the environment and clean technology is gaining attention in many ways. Buyers now consider hybrid and electric vehicles as well as internal combustion engine cars. Wind farms are gaining popularity as an alternative to coal-powered energy plants. The forest is also acquiring its share of 'green' technology through environmentally friendly tree trucks.
Old Design
These vehicles are essential tools for maintaining the forest. The majority of the equipment used in the forestry industry utilizes a truck-based design. This means that the mechanism that actually does the work sits on top of a truck frame. These vehicles are favorable for this sort of application because their frames are rigid and agile enough to withstand unpredictable forest terrains.
Although this means of transportation is perfectly suitable for forestry applications, there is one bit of a downside on its design, namely the internal combustion engine that is uses for power. These gasoline-powered engines are known to be the number one cause of air pollution; therefore, trucks used in the forestry industry traditionally have not been environmentally friendly. There has not been an engine design that could equal and replace the internal combustion engine until recent technology has developed new alternatives.
New Design
One of the clean alternatives to the internal combustion engine is the electric-powered truck. Today, many major and small-scale truck manufacturers have already designed fully electric medium-duty commercial vehicles. One good example of this application is the recent acquisition by the U.S. Forestry Service of several of these 'green' vehicles for its Savanna river site located in South Carolina.
Fully electric trucks are comparable with internal combustion engines in terms of performance but have not completely replaced the petrol and diesel engines on these trucks just yet. Given our present technology; the batteries used for these electric-powered vehicles are limiting; they are costly, have a fairly low capacity, and take quite a bit of time to recharge. The limitations of these batteries keep the electric motor from completely replacing the internal combustion engine.
Old Design Meets New Design Technology
For now, creating a good balance between efficiency and reliability is achievable using hybrid technology. This is a combination of the internal combustion engine and the electric motor. Hybrid vehicles are popular for forestry applications, especially with forestry bucket trucks, because this function is perfectly suited to how these vehicle are used. When being driven, the internal combustion engine powers the transmission; when it comes to lifting, the electric motor takes on that role. For long hours of operation, the hydraulic system that powers the lift switches from the electric motor to the internal combustion engine for power. This set-up greatly reduces fuel consumption and carbon monoxide emission on the hybrid vehicles.
Further Environmental Considerations
The emissions on regular trucks with internal combustion engines can be minimized by keeping the engines well-maintained. To reduce carbon emission and fuel consumption, it is important to have regularly scheduled tune-ups that include: oil changes, belt adjustments, fuel injection calibration, and transmission maintenance to name a few measures. These steps will help extend the life of the engine by reducing engine wear-and-tear, reducing fuel consumption; and reducing emissions. It is also important to check the wheel alignment on the tires of the trucks. Misaligned tires can increase road friction, lower the thread life of the tires and increase the load on the engine.
Conclusion
Ultimately, purchasing an electric or hybrid vehicle will cost more; however, it will also help the environment by decreasing fuel consumption and harmful emissions of a standard gasoline-powered truck. Look into the options that are now available and let your tree trucks help the environment!
Christopher M. Hunter is an expert in commercial specialty trucks. To find out more about Tree Truck, go to the main website at: http://www.firstfleettrucksales.com/home.

Lexus CT 200h Car Review

Which car in recent history is green, delivers excellent mileage and is sporty? Can't think of one? That's probably because no one has stepped in to fill that void, at least until recently.
That's what Lexus has done - with the Lexus CT 200h premium hatchback. The 'h' in its name means, of course, that it's a hybrid. And this is where it gets interesting. The CT 200h is also meant to be sporty, despite having the engine and transmission from the Toyota Prius.
It uses the same 1.8-litre straight-four with a 60-kilowatt electric motor and continuously variable transmission. On paper, its combined fuel consumption figure is an impressive 24.4km/L (just a smidge behind what the Prius is capable of), and that's where we can clearly see the fuel-efficient part of it. But what about the sporty elements?
Since the CT 200h has its engine in the front and is front-wheel drive, you are probably wondering if this is simply a re-badged Prius. Thankfully, it isn't.
This car platform is based on the same one used in a Lexus HS (a saloon model that's available in the US), but has a 10-centimetre shorter. And while the CT 200h uses MacPherson struts suspension at the front (so does the Prius), the rear is supported by a set of double wishbones - an excellent basis for good handling.
And all of that presents two important questions - does it drive well and is it really fuel-efficient? With 134bhp in total (from its internal combustion engine and electric motor combined), the CT 200h has a not-so-electrifying 0-100km/h time of 10.3 seconds. Setting the car to 'Sport' mode could tickle your senses a little, with its switchable tachometer displaying engine revs instead of the normal power-eco-charge meter, and a change of instrument background lighting from blue to red.
Despite that though, the g force and sensation from your bum during acceleration don't lie - it's not remotely sporty. But all that changes once you hit a bend.
The steering lacks feedback but is nicely weighted, and the front end responds quickly to any little input from your hands. The suspension is also very well damped, although a little firm (and befittingly so). There is little bounce even on slightly bumpy surfaces and the chassis regains composure instantaneously.
What was surprising during out test though was how the rear end behaved. In most FF cars (even some that claim to be sporty), charging hard into a tight bend would mean stepping into Instant Understeer Hell, followed by a loud crashing noise if one is unlucky (or plain silly).
In this, however, you would need to be really silly to get the Lexus to behave like that. The rear end keeps up easily with wherever the front of the car is heading and it even feels like it could oversteer if you simply tried. Lexus' chief engineer for the CT 200h, Osamu Sadakata, told us that the car was set up to minimize understeer. He definitely wasn't bluffing.
On top of all that, the Lexus CT 200h comes with a long list of goodies like reverse camera and sensors, cruise control, automatic headlamps, satnav and so on. But for that, you will have to get the Premium variant. At the other end of the scale, the basic model is as lightly equipped as an Amazonian tribesman - you don't even get reverse sensors, or even leather seats. However, it comes with special, Lexus-developed fabric seats, which feel more like suede than traditional fabric. You can't have the fabric seats and the usual goodies, though.
It's no big loss, especially when the leader seats feel great anyway, just like the rest of the car does. The Lexus CT 200h is as impressive around bends as it is while you are simply commuting (and don't want to waste fuel), and because of that, you will probably be grinning to yourself all the time while driving it. For more info, visit: Lexus Malaysia.

Electric Cars Roll Into Showrooms and Find Believers

Blogger Phil T picked up his Nissan Leaf on March 31 and has been posting about his experiences ever since.
His reviews?
"We're very pleased with it," he writes. "The LEAF drives like a real car, accelerating and stopping quickly."
Phil T's experiences are being repeated across the country as others take the electric car plunge and embrace a technology with a decidedly short consumer track record. Pioneers like Phil T, who recounts in detail all his thoughts and experiences on drivingelectric.blogspot.com, blaze the trail for others.
Just how many will follow is one of the big questions on the minds of many. (Well, mine at least). For instance, what about that limited range issue? Will the Chevy Volt, which has a much shorter all-electric capability than the 100-mile Leaf, be the bigger seller?
Will electric vehicles remain a niche market limited to true believers or users whose driving requirements benefit from a zero-emissions ride?
Answers to these questions and many more will materialize over the next year or so. In the meantime, developments in the sector are coming so fast and furious that they're hard to keep up with. I'll recount about a half dozen in this post.
For instance, Google's gotten into the game, promising to map EV recharging stations.
Google has teamed with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and others in the venture, establishing a nationwide online network via GPS. Projects under way via the Clean Cities Program "include the deployment of electric vehicles and chargers" and other technologies like biodiesel and natural gas, U.S. Department of Energy officials said.
Boulder, Colo.-based Pike Research just released a report acknowledging the entry of the electric automobile and saying its biggest impact may be preparing the market for the electric scooter and motorcycle. Pike Senior analyst Dave Hurst and President Clint Wheelock write that the market, currently suffering from low demand, is poised for growth in North America and Europe, especially in cities where the relative silence of the electric two-wheelers enables residents greater access and less irritation.
But Asia's the big buyer with projected sales of 19.6 million e-scooters and 2.9 million e-motorcycles by 2017, Hurst and Wheelock write. North America's relatively puny but significant e-scooter and e-motorcycle markets are expected to grow to 41,146 e-scooters and 27,971 e-motorcycles in the same period.
Another indication that we aren't in Dorothy's Kansas anymore comes from General Motors, which released a statement saying it received 135 clean-energy patents -- more in 2010 than any other organization, according to the Clean Energy Patent Growth Index of U.S. patents. Patents include an ultra-efficient hybrid electric vehicle transmission, seamless start-stop fuel control system and a system to preheat the EV battery, improving range.
"GM has clearly put forth a lot of effort in a range of clean-energy technologies," said Victor Cardona, co-chair of the Cleantech Group at Heslin Rothenberg Farley & Mesiti, publisher of the index, in the statement.
Across the pond, Hertz Corp. has teamed with Mitsubishi Motors in the United Kingdom to roll out Mitsubishi's electric i-MiEV tiny city car as part of its rental fleet. Lance Bradley, Mitsubishi's UK managing director, underlined the status of the car to the Japanese manufacturer. "The i-MiEV is a very important vehicle for us, making a statement to the global car industry," he said in a press release.
Plymouth, Mich.-based AVL, a manufacturer of automotive power trains, recently announced its sponsorship of EcoCAR 2: Plugging into the Future, a collegiate engineering competition. AVL will provide resources and guidance, "offering hands-on experience to automotive engineers of the future, advancing the electrification of vehicles," officials said.
EcoCAR 2 was established by DOE and GM and is meant to train aspiring engineers and develop clean technologies through competition. The 16 university teams were selected when the three-year competition started this spring.
If the level of corporate firepower is any indication, electric vehicles are here to stay. How they will integrate into the current mix and whether alternative fuel like isobutanol, biodiesel, hydrogen or compressed natural gas will play a significant role is a question for the futurists.
In the meantime, people like Phil T will be telling the rest of us how it's done. His real-world insights provide invaluable information to newbies. For instance, in a recent post, the Leaf owner writes that the farthest he's driven in a day is 68 miles. He also says range can be variable.
"On the most surprisingly short range day, the range display showed 71 miles in the morning. But after an 8 mile trip taking the family out to lunch and a quick 20 mile freeway drive with air conditioning, the range display only showed 21 miles," he says. "That's a reduction of 50 miles of displayed range after driving only 28 miles."
Good to know.
Mike Nemeth, project manager of the San Joaquin Valley Clean Energy Organization, spent 24 years working as a newspaperman editing and reporting from Alaska to California. The SJVCEO is a nonprofit dedicated to improving quality of life through increased use of clean and alternative energy. The SJVCEO is based in Fresno, Calif. and works with cities and counties and public and private organizations to demonstrate the benefits of energy efficiency and renewable energy throughout the eight-county region of the San Joaquin Valley. For more information, go to http://www.sjvcleanenergy.org.

Batteries: A Modern Source of Energy

The various sources that come under this category are coal, oil etc. The other drawback of these is that they cause lots of pollution which is harmful for health and for environment as well. So in order to deal with this situation people have opted for renewable sources of energy such as geothermal power, solar energy and wind energy. These sources help in reducing pollution and also save the products obtained from fossil fuels. Another name that is most popular in this field is called batteries especially automotive batteries. Their main principle is to turn on the starter so that the engine will come back to life. This is actually the integral part of a vehicle. The batteries may vary from one vehicle or machine to another.
Batteries can be of different types which simply depend upon the type of manufacturers such as the producer of advanced technology or the traditional battery manufacturers. India has so many battery manufacturers which provide good and long lasting batteries for future use. It is very important to choose a good battery type since wrong batteries have short life and also do not provide correct operating values. Batteries can be available in the wholesale markets with so many different varieties and abilities.
Wholesale battery suppliers offer some cheap but good qualities to an individual with guarantee. People sometimes face problems related to searching of good wholesale market within the coverage area. Thus, online method is the best way to get latest information about the batteries launched by various companies. Various models are available on internet with price and different features to help an individual make a good choice. Wholesale suppliers do have their own personal website which is especially designed for public help.
Various battery manufacturers are linked with wholesale suppliers so that good supply of products will continue and there will be no shortage of batteries or other products in the market. Manufacturers are always in search of new and advanced features which will help an individual to get more comfort and facilities. The best way to do shopping for various products is online shopping which is updated daily with latest product values.
People can also find perfect wholesale battery suppliers on internet for making better deals. Most of the advanced machines are available in such markets since these are directly linked to the suppliers. An individual can just make an order to these suppliers by selecting the perfect model of his own choice. You will find numerous attractive offers with discounts on internet which is very convenient. Internet also helps in making online supplies to the international market which is an added benefit for an individual.
Online markets also provide automotive batteries which include two main types i.e. deep cycle batteries and also starter type batteries. These are different from each other in cost as well as in efficiency to work. The main purpose of using batteries is to reduce the use of various sources which are common among the media. Batteries basically operate which some special features and these are actually distinguishable from non-renewable resources of energy. The major purpose of battery is to reduce cost and save environmental resources.
Eastman - Leading accumulator manufacturer offers auto battery, inverter, lead acid lead acid battery.

Hybrid Electric Car - A Promising Technology for a Promising Future for the Environment

The increase in interior ignition engine vehicles, especially in automobiles, is one of the supreme achievements of modern technological science as a new rising energy saving and environment -friendly vehicle, this is one of the reasons why the hybrid-electric vehicles were developed to give convenience to just about every human.
In the operation of producing the hybrid electric car, the most significant is the force saving and the environmental protective cover. Wherein these days this are the common troubles faced by the society.
Having the hybrid-electric car evolved from the electric car. Nonetheless, the primary disadvantage of the electric vehicle is that it really is primarily contingent upon the batteries. Consequently, has limited range.
Firstly, the hybrid electric automobile was meant to be an electric vehicle with batteries for power storage and is in addition equipped with an on-board heat engine-powered generator. This signifies that this sort of hybrid has an extended range.
The heat bhp and the battery power are particularly intended as a significant scheme that continually modulates the excess between the heat engine and the battery power systems. This can also rely upon the driving schedule.
Since the beginning of the application of autos, electric cars have been already recognized and conceptualized. Although the electric power train is superior in different aspects, as an energy source, the battery was unequal to the superior-energy content, easiness relating to the handling, and affordable and profuse supplies of motor fuel.
Now, it has just about been a hundred years since the electric auto has been popularly discussed, but recent developments within the HEV technology and the developing concerns for the environment has revived the drive for an HEV and this is now a realization these days.
We can think about the personal means of transportation as an essential bond in the economic chain of today's modern day societies and that a private vehicle appears to be the common option.
Electric vehicles are more energy effective than the contemporary vehicles wherein the electric vehicles operates at approximately 46 percent of effectiveness, though a up-to-date vehicle operates at about 18 percent only.
There are studies that generally concludes that electric cars with batteries are approximately 10 to 30 percent more effective with energy than the normal gasoline cars, dependent on the precise assumptions of the vehicles energy usage and energy chain efficiency.
Certainly, the comparisons of the electric vehicles along with the conventional vehicles are comparisons between an incredibly developed power system that's nearly at long last of its R&D, and the innovative power program in the beginning stages of the development wherein crucial development can be expected as the new technology evolves.
What is more, the benefits of electric powered modes of transportation extends beyond the true outlook of economizing energy. Electric generation plants can use replace fuels that are not adaptable to portable power systems.
Electric vehicles are the definitive alternative fuel vehicles as their power is taken from the source fuels employed to produce electricity. Apart from that, the flexibility of the fuel alone can provide essential useful and economic benefits particularly in relation to a selection of energy resources.
The electric vehicle is truly a promising technology that may transform one's means of transportation into a much more environmentally type of commodity. By means of this innovation emission operates develop into more important, helpful and economically beneficial.
What are the most expensive and fastest cars in the world? To find out, visit thesupercars.org and check it out for yourself. Also, have a look at best gas mileage cars.